Learning Danish

Learning Danish

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GrammatikPosted by Lenninha Thu, August 03, 2017 19:03:54

The indefinite article (corresponding to English ‘a(n)’) is, in Danish, either EN (common gender) or ET (neuter).

The definite (or end) article (corresponding to English ‘the’) is -(E)N or -(E)T in the singular and -(E)NE in the plural. The term ‘end article’ refers to the fact that it is added to the end of the noun, either to its dictionary form or (in the plural) to its inflected form:

1) SINGULAR
a) Indefinite (en/et)
en mand (a man)
en kvinde (a woman)
et hus (a house)
et æble (an apple)

b) Definite (End article) (-(e)n/-(e)t)
manden (the man)
kvinden (the woman)
huset (the house)
æblet (the apple)

2) PLURAL (both genders) (-(e)ne)
(e)r-plural
aviser (newspapers) - aviserne (the newspapers)
æbler (apples) - æblerne (the apples)

e-plural
borde (tables) - bordene (the tables)
heste (horses) - hestene (the horses)

zero-plural
mænd (men) - mændene (the men)
sko (shoes) - skoene (the shoes)

Reference: Danish an Essencial Grammar (Tom Lundskær-Nielsen and Philip Holmes), 2ed.



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